I took this video this morning of our little Valentines Day present. Meet Miss Valentine. Her mamas name is Cherry Blossom, so we’ve dubbed her Cherry’s Valentine in honor of her pretty mama. Valentine has gotten her “sea legs” and is jumping and hopping around all over the place. Please excuse my poor video-making abilities. I’ve only done a few videos so far and haven’t really gotten the hang of my editor yet. Hence, it took me 6 tries to get something that wasn’t completely goofy looking. Hope you enjoy it.
It’s a cold, cold morning here, and the weather kind of fits how I am feeling inside right now. My sweet Miley, our doe with Listeriosis, lost the battle yesterday and my heart is broken. Some people may never know how much an animals spirit can bond with their own. But I am not one of those people. Luckily, the losses around here are very infrequent and rare.
Night before last Miley kept me awake all night long. She just could not get comfortable and she was obviously miserable. I had hoped so much that the paralyzing effects of this insidious bacterium would resolve with treatment. But it only got worse. It was around midnight that I felt her not wanting to be here anymore. It was too much for her and I made the decision to call the vet early that morning. He was able to come yesterday and agreed with me that we had done all that was possible and she was ready to be free. And we let her leave this world as gently as possible.
I have spent the last two days crying. This is only the second doe I have ever lost in 10 years of raising goats. I might not have felt so bad if Miley was old, but she was only 8, and my favorite goat to milk, ever. She had a soft and quiet voice and absolutely never stood at the gate screaming like some of the other goats do. I still have Miley’s mother and daughter, and her two buck kids from this year. Everyone else in the herd so far remains perfectly healthy.
In consulting with my vet, we were trying to pinpoint possible places where she could have picked up enough of the bacteria to make her so ill. Listeria, as I have learned, is everywhere, even inside of an animals mouth, and in humans too. It is when they are allowed access, my vet feels, through a possible cut in the mouth, such as from a thorn or hay that is too course, that they get into the blood stream and then into the brain.
I am taking her for necropsy today, hoping to learn something that may help prevent this in the future.
On a brighter note, Cherry is expecting kids soon! She was due yesterday, but my girls usually go over a couple of days. She is huge though, so I am thinking there are possibly three in there. Thankfully, she was happily chewing cud this morning with no signs of kidding today, which means I can get necessary things done this morning without worrying about her kidding in the freezing weather, unassisted….If I am lucky, she will hold off until tomorrow so I can be here all day.
I am looking forward to the early spring as predicted by Punxsutawney Phil, Weather Prophet Extraordinary. I hope he wasn’t joking!
Today marks the 4th day Miley has been been down with Listeriosis and unable to rise. I have been feeding her with a syringe, and offering her warm water at each feeding which she tries soooo hard to lap up. I can occasionally hear her swallow while she is lapping, but it’s slow going and exhausting for me to hold the water pan for her because I also have to prop her body up with my legs and pillows. Once propped up, feeding her with the syringe is a little easier because I can do it from the front of her and not have to hold her upright at the same time. I have not weighed her in a few years, but she is probably around 140 pounds. She’s a smaller Alpine, thankfully.
This picture was taken this morning. The paralysis affects her mostly on her right side. (left side in the picture). Her ear droops on that side, as does her eye and she cannot chew food or swallow on that side. Her eye looks opaque because when she first went down in the straw, she went down on her paralyzed side with her head thrown back stiffly and she ground that poor eyeball into the straw with a lot of pressure. It actually looks a lot better today. I am treating it with penicillin and it doesn’t look like she damaged the eyeball itself. The swelling seems to be just in the covering of her eye, which has started to recede with treatment and getting it out of the straw and dirt.
Here she is propped up a bit after a feeding. You can see her affected eye a little better in this picture. It’s winter here, and cold near the floor so I keep her covered to help reduce any stress she might have trying to stay warm. There is a woodstove in the room too, so it’s pretty warm higher up, just a little drafty down where she is.
This is how i am trying to reduce pressure on her limbs. They are stiff and tend to stick out. I wish I could get her up and laying on her other side because there is a lot of pressure on that hind leg that is underneath her. She is on a mattress, which helps, but over the long term, I am not sure if that leg will suffer damage from being under constant pressure. I do turn her over now and then but it is very stressful to both of us as I have no help and she is so heavy, and I cannot leave her on the affected side because she twitches and breaths heavier than normal so I know she does not tolerate it well.
This afternoon, after I gave her coconut water with baby cereal and a bottle of high-protein boost, with 350 calories, plus water, after I got finished she acted like she wanted to eat my fingers. She seemed to have had enough of the syringing, so I went and got her a pan of chaffhay which is a very soft and moist alfalfa hay product. She went after it with GUSTO, and I was so amazed I took this video! I didn’t let her eat too much because I am not sure if she is swallowing it well or not. I will offer her more a little later and see how she does.
For this video Miley asked to wear my Rosary that a lady from church gave me years ago. I think she likes it and it looks great on her. I told her she could wear it anytime she wanted too.
I am expecting a shipment of Usnea this afternoon by fedex express. I read online where it helped another goat with Listeriosis, and am hoping it will help Miley. I have contacted a few people/herbalists about this herbal extract and how to use it, but have not heard back from anyone yet. If anyone out there knows the best way to use Usnea for this condition in a goat, please contact me or leave a comment, and I will get it on my phone.
As a keeper of a very healthy goat herd for the last nine years, I am always very happy and proud to say that I have only ever lost one adult goat in all these years, and never lost a kid, except for the one kid who was born dead (and had been dead approx. 2 weeks prior to kidding). The goats may be rather high maintenance, especially during kidding season, but as long as they are fed properly, and kept inside their pasture, they are very healthy and hardy animals. Except for the couple cases of milk-fever, and one case of mastitis several years ago, the girls here have been very healthy.
But this morning, as I am writing this, I am looking a dear friend and favorite goat and know that she may not make it through the day. Miley has come down with a severe case of Listeriosis and is not responding as hoped to antibiotics. She is on penicillin. The vet had me giving her 12 cc IM per day, but now we have went to 12 cc IM twice per day…which is a lot of meds for a goat. She got her first dose IV and immediately went down into convulsions and seizures. He explained that the reaction was a normal response to the carrier in the penicillin but that it was necessary to do an injection IV to get the antibiotic into the brain faster, to limit the damage to the brain.
I am writing this post this morning because I have found very little information on the internet about the best way to handle Listeriosis in goats. Maybe my story will help someone else. It is truly heartbreaking to watch Miley struggle. Euthanasia is an option that we may look at eventually, but has not been recommended. This disease, as I understand it, will not linger forever, but either run it’s course, or kill the host, and in either case, does not take too long. Recovery though, can take weeks or months and partial paralysis may linger forever. That is okay with us. Miley is a dear friend, and as long as she can eat and drink on her own, and enjoys life, she will have a place in our family.
Listeriosis can affect all warmblooded mammals, including humans, so we are taking precautions, and trying to pinpoint the source of the bacterium. We’ve not had any new feeds, but we have had a snowstorm, cold weather, and rain…the perfect breeding ground for this cold-loving critter. I believe it may have come from bits of feed in the corners of some feeders that got wet, then froze and then unfroze in the warmer weather, and was injested. Miley is the only goat in the herd that has been affected, possibly because she just kidded a couple weeks ago, so her immune system was a little compromised.
She is almost totally paralyzed on one side of her body and struggles often to get up but cannot. She cannot eat or drink but tries to drink warm electrolytes from a pan and chew cookies. She can still swallow so I am pushing her into an upright position and syringe feeding electrolytes, kefir whey, coconut milk, pureed bananas, and kombucha to try and keep her hydrated and keep up her strength as much as possible. Last night we moved her inside the house onto a mattress on the floor to make it a little easier for me to give her the constant care she needs. She is not pooping or peeing much at this point although we are putting puppy pads under her to catch anything so she doesn’t have to lie in it.
The prognosis the vet gave us is grim, but I plan to continue the feedings and care until she asks me to stop. She still greets me when she sees me, even though she cannot raise her head. I’ve asked for prayers, and am praying for her myself and we will just continue to wait and hope.
Need a gift idea for that friend or relative that has everything? How about a soft and woolly felted soap? Felted soaps take less than 30 minutes from start to finish and can be made to look any way you’d like. The finished product can even be further embellished with some fancy needle-felting which I will cover in another post.
Why felted soap?
*A felted soap is a soap and washcloth all in one.
*Felted soaps are much less likely to slide out of your hand in the shower, so are great for older people or children who have a hard time gripping a slippery soap.
*Wool is naturally antimicrobial
.*Felted soaps will last MUCH longer than non-felted soaps.
*After the soap is all used up, you’ll be left with a little wool pouch that can be refilled with soap scraps, or used as a scubby for your bathroom.
Any soap can be felted. I use my own handmade soap, but any soap will work. For the wool, I use roving, but bats can also be used. I have never been able to find any kind of roving or wool bats locally, but it’s easy to order online from supply houses such as The Woolery.
The first thing you do is break off a length of roving. I usually use about 18 inches, or 4 to 5 soap-lengths worth, depending on the thickness of the roving.
You’ll then pull that piece of roving in half, and take one piece, and spread it out to width of your soap, like this.
You will slide your bar to the end of the roving closest to you, and roll the soap up into the roving tightly.
After you’ve got the roving rolled over your soap the long-way, you’ll turn your soap and wrap it the other way.
You can add in different colors if you’d like. Here you can see I added some white for my final layer.
Once you’ve got it wrapped all over, insert the soap carefully into a piece of panty hose. I usually cut a knee-high in half and tie a knot in the open end, making two pieces to wrap soaps in and that seems to be just the right size.
Once you’ve got your soap wrapped up like this, you will put on a pair of plastic gloves to protect your hands from hot water, and then carefully dip the soap in the water. I use a kettle with the heat set on low-med.
Once the soap is dipped and thoroughly wet, take it to the sink (or you can do it over the kettle if you’d like to) and carefully squeeze the water out of it. You’ll feel the wool starting to shrink around the soap when you do this. Once you’ve gotten most of the water out, then use your hands to rub the soap. The friction of the rubbing, along with the soap, will cause the barbs on the wool to begin to mat together, creating the felting. This is what is known as wet-felting and can be used to make many different and beautiful items.
Once the wool feels fairly tight around the soap, roll the soap up in towels and squeeze until you get all of the water out that you can, then carefully peel off the panty hose from around it. Some of the wool fibers will stick to the hose, but as long as you are careful, it won’t matter.
Here are some of the soaps I did today. I make these to order and each one of these is different, so I pin a little tag to it until it’s dry and I can get a label on it.
Felting soaps is easy, but if you are pressed for time, or would prefer to order them already felted, you can purchase a custom batch just for you from our Etsy shop.
Have found an easier way to felt soaps? (LOL, I am ALWAYS looking for ways to make it easier, and most of all, FASTER! If so, please comment below, and happy felting!
Making Kombucha used to be a royal pain in my already busy weekly schedule. I bought special bottles, did second fermentations, added fruits and fermented again, strained, studied, made tea and forgot about it, etc. Often, my Kombucha did not even get made for weeks at a time. My health suffered. I needed a better way. The lazy woman’s way. And I stumbled across it completely by accident, while trying yet another method, the continuous brew method.
I bought a large vessel with a spigot at Walmart, on sale and hoped to make a continuous batch of Kombucha that would not require rinsing, washing, etc. each week. The first week my spigot got plugged with Kombucha goo and refused to work ever again. So I started doing what a lazy woman would do, and ladling the Kombucha from the top of the vessel. I got all sorts of stringy stuff in my ladel, but guess what I am doing with my Kombucha? Making smoothies. Who cares if smoothies have lots of pro-biotic rich strings floating around? Not me. The blender takes care of all that.
I do not drink Kombucha straight. I much prefer water. But each morning, I consume approximately 16 or more ounces of Kombucha, in the form of liquid in my smoothies, and it is totally awesome! Sometimes I add pieces of Kombucha mother-scoby, and it makes no difference at all in my smoothie.
The Scoby’s in my large vessel are enormous now, but when I add another gallon of tea, it takes only a couple of days for it to ferment, instead of a week or more. The kombucha in this vessel is rather strong, but in smoothies, it adds the perfect degree of tartness.
I may not be a Kombucha expert, but this method has worked for me for months now, with very little effort on my part. Have YOU discovered easier ways of brewing and consuming Kombucha? If so, please share in the comments, and have a great Kombucha day!